A constitution is a group of such basic principles on which the state is created and ruled. Meaning, the constitution is the power that first becomes the government. This is the work of the Constitution, that it imposes certain limitations on the laws governing the government. These boundaries are fundamental in such a way that the government can never violate it. On the other hand, the Constitution also ensures that it should give the government such an ability to fulfill the aspirations of the people and to create appropriate conditions for the establishment of a just society. From this point of view, the constitution is the basic identity of society. The constitutional law provides us with a huge framework under which we use our personal aspirations, goals, and freedoms. So the Constitution gives us the ethical identity.
Constitution of Indian And Introduction
In reality, a constitution is a box of the aspirations of its society. It was the desire of the Constitution makers of India that all the people of the society should get everything including basic physical needs and education, on the basis of which they can live a life full of dignity and social self-respect.
Objectives of the Constitution –
Key points of the proposal: –
- India is a free, sovereign republic;
- India will be a union of territories which come under the authority of the British, the princely states, and the territories of the princely states that would like to be part of our union;
- The units of the Union will be autonomous and will use and edit all those powers which have not been given to the federal government;
- The source of all the powers of independent and sovereign India and its constitution is public;
- Social, economic and political justice to all the people of India; All equality of law; In the boundaries of prestige and opportunity and in the bounds of law and public morality, the guarantee and protection of speech, expression, faith, religion, worship, business, organization and the fundamental freedom of work will be given;
- Minority backward and tribal areas, Dalits and other backward classes will be properly protected;
- Regional integrity of the Republic and its sovereign rights in the land and the sky will be protected according to the law and justice of the civilized nations;
- The country will willingly contribute fully to the development of world peace and human welfare.
# The provisions were taken from the constitution of different countries: –
– British constitution –
- The decision of victory in elections on the basis of most votes, the parliamentary form of government;
- The idea of rule of law;
- The President’s position in the legislature and his role;
- Lawmaking law
- Constitution of Ireland – State Policy Directive Principle
- Constitution of France – Freedom Equality and the Principle of Brotherhood
- US Constitution – List of Fundamental Rights;
- The power of judicial review and freedom of the judiciary.
- Constitution of Canada – The nature of a semi-federal government (a strong central government-led federal system);
- The principle of residual powers
# Declaration of Rights; –
The Constitution of India declares some important fundamental rights for its citizens. These powers will be fundamental in these ways that the government can not even violate them if they are violated, then the person can go straight to the higher court or the Supreme Court to implement them, and the court will order the government to implement them.